The Dake’s Bible: Hagin’s and Copeland’s Doctrines
The Dake’s Bible was the foundation of many Kenneth Hagin’s and Kenneth Copeland’s heresies. You cannot call most of his key writings anything less than heresy. He begins his commentary on the New Testament by declaring with an unequivocal statement that Jesus Christ was not the Anointed Son of God until He was baptized by John the Baptist at 30 years of age. His full statement direct from his commentary will be stated below but to set the record as we begin, he stated, “who became the Christ or the “Anointed one” 30 years after he was born of Mary.” That statement leaves no room for doubting what Dake means and it is false and damning to the soul. Jesus Christ said of Himself “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. (Revelation 1:8) He was conceived of the Holy Ghost and born of a virgin. There was no sin nature in Him. John stated, And the Word was made flesh and dwelt among us….”(John 1:14a)At twelve years of age he confounded the Learned at the Temple in Jerusalem by allowing the Words of His Divine nature to flow out of Him.
Add to the above fallacy his Mormon idea of the Heavenly Father and his declaration that the Ten Commandments were completely “Abolished” and you have “Modern Christianity” that is totally bankrupt. No wonder a multitude of Pentecostals have lost their way. The Dake’s Bible penetrated the Pentecostal churches 40 – 50 years ago. Benny Hinn declared from his former pulpit in Florida that there were nine (9) persons in the Divine Trinity. When he was corrected for his mis-statement he sighted the Dake’s Bible as his source. Imagine a man so known by the church world saying that there were three persons in the Father, three in the Son and three in the Holy Ghost. You will see this source in Dake’s Commentary futher down in this article.
No biblical solid minister or Bible student would accept this quote from Dake’s Bible. It is rank heresy and must be totally rejected or our view of Jesus Christ as the eternal Son of God is compromised. To suggest that Jesus became the Christ or the “Anointed One” thirty years after His birth is to commit heresy. This is an ancient heresy that is called “adoptionism.” Kenneth Scott Latourette stated in his book, History of Christianity, Volume I, the following: “Others, called the Ebionites, maintained that Jesus was merely a man, a prophet, a spokesman for God, as were the great Hebrew prophets of the past. Although some of them accepted the virgin birth of Jesus, others are said to have taught that Jesus was the son of Joseph and Mary, that at His baptism Christ descended upon him in the form of a dove, that he then proclaimed the unknown Father, but that Christ who could not suffer, departed from him at his crucifixion.” (Latourette, page 121-122, Harper Collins).
That’s where the Haginites or Copelanites get the doctrine that Jesus Christ had to go to hell and be born again. In their teaching He became the Christ, or the anointed at baptism but then had to lay it aside at the cross and pick it up at His resurrection. We have Paul Crouch saying on Camera that Jesus Christ’s Divine nature returned when He arose. Here is Dake’s full quote that sets the order of this deception, “Gr. Christos, ‘Anointed.’ – Used in N.T. 577 times. Like the name “Jesus” it has no reference to deity, but to the humanity of the Son of God, who became the Christ or the “Anointed One” 30 years after He was born of Mary. God “made” Him both Lord and Christ. The Heb. Is ‘Messiah’.” (Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible, Finis Jennings Dake, Lawrenceville, Georgia, New Testament, p. 1.)
I have tapes in my library with Crouch and Copeland on a TBN broadcast stating that Jesus never claimed to be God. Those quotes sound almost like a word for word expression right out of the Dake’s Bible. These men and women, from Dake to many key leader of the Charismatic world, talk about Jesus out of both sides of their mouths. One moment they seem to exalt Him properly, but then they say these careless things that are utterly confusing. This gives a perfect fulfillment of Jesus’ very words in St. Matthew. Read these words of the Lord Himself. “For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.” (Matthew 24:5).
Dake And Mormonism! There is an abundance of confusion in Dake’s Bible and his other writings. None can be worse than the quote we started with this Salty Saints, but other departures from truth certainly paint a picture of utter confusion. His teachings on God, the Father that are found in his notes on the book of St. John are extremely revealing. Read these words carefully. “He is a person with a personal spirit body, a personal soul, and a personal spirit, like that of angels, and like that of man except His body is out of spirit substance instead of flesh and bones. He has a personal spirit body; shape; form; image and likeness of a man. He has bodily parts such as, back parts, heart, hands and fingers, mouth, lips and tongue, feet, eyes, ears, hair, head, face, arms, loins, and other bodily parts. He has bodily presence and goes from place to place in a body like all other persons. “He has a voice; breath; and countenance. He wears clothes; eats; rests; dwells in a mansion and in a city located on a material planet called Heaven; sits on a throne; walks; rides; engages in other activities. (ibid.,P.96-97)
Dake Limits God’s Eternal Omnipotence and Omnipresence! Here is an unbelievable commentary that is given within the story of Abraham and his visit by the pre-incarnate Christ. He suggests that God did not know what was happening in Sodom and Gomorrah and came to find out. Dake’s stated, “Here we have another proof that God receives knowledge of true conditions and becomes acquainted with existing facts. This plainly teaches that God, as well as men and angels, is limited to one place as far as the body is concerned. The doctrine of omnipresence of God can be proved, but not His omnibody. In His body He goes from place to place like other persons. Abraham stood yet before the bodily presence of God, but not before the bodily presence of the 2 angels because they went to Sodom and were no longer bodily present.” (ibid., Old Testament, p. 15.)
The False Concept of “Little Gods”! Dake not only was confused about the omnipotence of God, but he also taught that man was a miniature of God. In conjunction with Dake’s commentary on the Book of Job, he wrote about the idea called anthropomorphism. Under that heading, he said some strange things. Anthropomorphism is the ascription of human bodily parts, attributes, and passions to God, and taking the substantiating statements of Scripture to be literal, and not figurative. In support of such teaching an appropriate question is: If God did not mean all He said about Himself in over 20,000 scriptures then why did He say such things? They certainly do not add to a true understanding of Him if the passages do not mean what they say. Furthermore, why would God, in hundreds of places, refer to Himself as having bodily parts, soul passions, and spirit faculties if He does not have them? Would it be necessary for Him to tell us He has such in order to reveal that He does not have them? Would He not be more likely to say in plain language that He does not have eyes, hands, mouth, ears, and other bodily members?” (ibid.,, Old Testament, p. 547.)
Dake Carries the Idea of Christ Emptying Himself to a Dangerous Extreme! The Son of God did indeed empty Himself to become the Son of man. What is extremely important is that this emptying was not a forsaking of His eternal essence, but an emptying of manifesting that essence. He was never void of His divine essence, but He did limit Himself not to express them while depending wholly on His Father and the Holy Spirit. Dake either did not understand the above or he willingly rejected it. Here are some of his statements on the subject: “Christ emptied Himself of His authority in heaven and in earth, which was given back to Him after the resurrection.” “Christ emptied Himself of His divine attributes and outward powers that He had with the Father from eternity. He had no power to do miracles until He received the Holy Spirit in all fullness. He could do nothing of Himself in all His earthly life. He attributed all His works, doctrines, powers, etc. to the Father through the anointing of the Holy Spirit.” “Isaiah speaks of the Messiah being born without knowledge enough to know to refuse the evil and choose the good.” “Isaiah predicted that the Messiah would be born without the tongue of the learned, without knowing how to speak a word in season to help any soul, and that He would be wakened day by day to increase in knowledge and wisdom.” “He did not claim the attributes of God, but only the anointing of the Spirit to do His works.” (Ibid.,NT.P, 218)
All of this false teaching is dangerous in a local church or among one congregation but when it is expending into a widely read Bible Commentary it become Spiritual suicide. I just discovered his plain teaching that the Ten Commandments were “Abolished”. This added to all the above leaves the people under this dark influence hopelessly lost. The Apostle John said, “He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.” (I John 2:4) There were no Commandments separate between the Old Testament and the New. Jesus clarified this in His great statement in the Olivet Discourse. “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil (Complete).” (Matthew 5:17) Here is the dismissal of Christ plain truth by the Dake”s Bible. “The 10 commandments in particular were abolished alone with the whole law of Moses.”(ibid., p, 193)
Conclusion! Finis Dake’s Bible is without question filled with questionable commentaries. It is not the reading material for young, immature Christians or undiscerning ministers. It has just enough truth to make his error seem plausible and convincing. He surely has convinced a host of modern day Pentecostals and Charismatics. No one would suggest that he is singularly responsible for the theological mess that floods these churches, but neither should he be excused for his part. Often when a figure such as Dake is dead, his teaching becomes even more powerful and accepted. Godly men and women must return to the simple Word of God and quit depending on popular figures to do their interpreting of truth. The Bible will interpret itself if you will: “Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.” (II Timothy 2:15).